Cervical Cancer Is The Main Cause Of Death

Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in developing countries. In fact, it actually can be minimized cancer sufferer.

This was revealed in the show "Fight for Cervical Cancer" held by the Faculty of vocational Public Relations University of Indonesia, on Thursday (05/06/2010). Activities aimed at raising awareness of women, especially female students about the dangers of cervical cancer (cervical).

Cervical cancer is cancer in the area below the uterus that connects the uterus with the vagina. Normal cervical cells infected with human papilloma virus (HPV), especially types 16 and 18, slowly develop into precancerous.

One speaker, an obstetrician Adrian Setiawan, said that cervical cancer is the leading cause of death of women in developing countries. According to data from Globocan 2002, there were 40,000 new cases of cervical cancer with about 22,000 deaths in women in Southeast Asia. Indonesia is ranked first with 15,050 new cases and deaths in the year 7566 souls.

That figure is not much changed, even increased compared with the previous year. Premises a growing number of patients, cases of cervical cancer occur iceberg phenomenon. "This means about 20 Indonesian women die from cervical cancer per day," said Adrian.

One of the causes of high incidence in developing countries is limited information on the cancer type. Early detection of pap smears and vaccines are still relatively expensive. The cost of pap smears Rp 400,000 to Rp 700,000. Aementara HPV vaccine once a $ 1 million injection.

Adrian said, about 90 percent of cervical cancers caused by HPV virus-general. While the 80-10 women allegedly already infected with HPV during their lives. The virus can be transmitted to women and men. There are about 100 types of HPV and 30 of them on the genitals. Most can be cleaned by the body.

Types of HPV that are known to cause cancer among other types 16 and 18, cause about 70 percent of cervical cancer. Cervical cancer often have no symptoms so that about 70 percent of patients present in advanced stages.

Similar disclosed Adityawati G Parengkuan from Indonesia Cancer Foundation. He said cancer patients continues to increase and 85 percent of the causes of cancer in general is 15 percent to environmental factors and genetic factors.

Risk factors for cervical cancer include sexual intercourse young age (less than 20 years), changing sexual partners, often suffer from infections in the genital area, and gave birth to many children. Another risk factor is deficiency of vitamin A, C, and E as well as exposure to cigarette smoke.

Adrian said the primary prevention of cervical cancer with a vaccine to HPV types 16 and 18. Other prevention by keeping the sexual behavior.



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