Tropical Diesease: Tropical Diseases Threatening Still Continues

Climate change and global warming in recent years led to increased incidence of tropical diseases. Increase in world temperatures play a role in the spread of tropical diseases and vectors of disease. Some tropical diseases are referred to, among other things, diarrhea caused by rotavirus, elephantiasis (filaria), leprosy, dengue, malaria, influenza, tuberculosis, hepatitis, and fungal diseases.

"These diseases are found mainly in poor countries and marginalized," said microbiologist Faculty of Medicine (FK) UGM, dr. Abu Tholib, M.Sc., Ph.D., Sp.MK (K), on the sidelines of the International Symposium on Tropical Diseases of Molecular Medical Sciences, on Wednesday (17 / 3), in FK UGM. Symposium held on March 17 to 19 this involves experts of Indonesia, Germany, and Switzerland. They discussed various infectious diseases and tropical diseases from clinical to molecular aspects.

It is said Tholib, tuberculosis is a tropical disease that is still a high incidence rate in the country, even is the third highest in the world. The problem the experts, several of tuberculosis resistant to drugs commonly used for this. "It appears resistant TB is long enough and medication is still very limited because the price is quite expensive," he said.

In addition to tuberculosis, other tropical diseases, like dengue, is still a threat of death. Additionally, within the last 50 years has not been found in the vaccine. "Dengue is very complicated, attacking small children, is now attacking adulthood. DHF no vaccine and no cure. So far his only anticipated shock, while the virus itself be overcome by his body, "he added.

The same opinion was also expressed dr. Tri authority, Ph.D. symposium committee chairman. He said that in the last 30 years, the incidence of dengue cases increased by 50 fold. Tri also briefly mentioned at this time there are 1400 kinds of drugs listed on drug authorities and the health of the world. However, the proportion of drugs for tropical diseases the number is less than one percent of all the medicines in the world. (Public Relations of UGM / Gusti Grehenson)



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